Cork Clinic Orthodontics

 

Benefits include greater functionality for your teeth (in other words they fit together properly) so you can chew properly and so that your jaw joint doesn't suffer too much stress (which can lead to regular headaches, migraines and back, jaw or shoulder pain). This also reduces the risk of trauma to prominent teeth. Having straight teeth also makes it easier to keep your teeth clean, lessening the risk of decay and gum (periodontal) disease.

Orthodontic appliances can be made of metal, ceramic, or plastic. They may be removable or they may be brackets bonded to the teeth. By placing a constant, gentle force in a carefully controlled direction, braces slowly move teeth to a corrected position. This is a great time to wear braces! Gone are the days when a metal band with a bracket was placed around each tooth. You can choose brackets that are clear or metallic colour. You can choose the colour of the ties that hold the wire to the brackets. Wires are also less noticeable than they used to be and the latest materials move teeth faster with less discomfort to patients.

Types of Braces

Fixed braces
Most orthodontic treatment is carried out using fixed braces, sometimes known as 'train track' braces. This system uses a combination of metal brackets and flexible wires to gently move your teeth. Most orthodontists believe this is the most effective and precise way to move your teeth. The metal brackets we use are very small - smaller than the ones that many people remember from 10 or 20 years ago.
Colours can be placed on the brackets for younger patients.

Ceramic fixed braces
These are very similar to the traditional metal fixed braces, but the brackets are made of tooth-coloured ceramic instead of metal, making them less visible.
These are popular with adults. (Please note that food colourings can sometimes stain these appliances).

Removable Braces

These are sometimes used for young children to alter the growth of their jaws and for interceptive treatment

Lingual braces
These braces are also made of metal, but are fitted on the inside (back) of your teeth instead of the front. They are virtually invisible and are only suited to certain types of cases.

Invisalign®
This system consists of a series of removable and virtually clear aligners, which are created from 3D computer images of your teeth and mouth. Each aligner is replaced every 2-3 weeks. As you progress through each aligner, your teeth move little by little, week by week. Aligners are removed for eating and drinking, and for cleaning your teeth.

 

Life with Braces

Eating with Braces
What can you eat? Let's talk about what you shouldn't eat!
For the first day or so, stick to soft foods. Avoid tough meats, hard breads, and raw vegetables. But you'll need to be careful with your orthodontic appliances when you eat for as long as you're wearing braces.

Foods to Avoid
. Chewy foods: bagels, hard rolls, liquorice
. Crunchy foods: popcorn, ice, crisps
. Sticky foods: toffees, gum
. Hard foods: nuts, sweets
. Foods you have to bite into: corn on the cob, apples, carrots
. Chewing on hard things (for example, pens, pencils or fingernails) can damage the braces.
. Damaged braces will cause treatment to take longer.
General Soreness

When you get your braces on, you may feel general soreness in your mouth and your teeth may be tender to biting and pressures for three to five days. This can be relieved by rinsing your mouth with a warm salt water mouthwash. Dissolve one teaspoonful of salt in 8 ounces of warm water, and rinse your mouth vigorously. If the tenderness is severe, take whatever you normally take for headache or similar pain. The lips, cheeks and tongue may also become irritated for one to two weeks as they toughen and become accustomed to the surface of the braces.
You can put wax on the braces to lessen this. We'll show you how!

Loosening of Teeth
This is to be expected throughout treatment. Don't worry! It's normal. Teeth must loosen first so they can be moved. The teeth will again become rigidly fixed in their new - corrected - positions.

Loose Wire or Band
Don't be alarmed if a wire or band comes loose. This happens occasionally. If a wire protrudes and is irritating, use a blunt instrument (back of spoon or the eraser end of a pencil) and carefully, gently push the irritating wire under the archwire. Simply get it out of the way. If irritation to the lips or mouth continues, place wax or wet cotton on the wire to reduce the annoyance. Call our office as soon as possible for an appointment to check and repair the appliances. If any piece comes off, save it and bring it with you to the office.

Care of Appliances
To successfully complete the treatment plan, the patient must work together with the orthodontist. The teeth and jaws can only move toward their corrected positions if the patient consistently wears the rubber bands, headgear or other appliances as prescribed. Damaged appliances lengthen the treatment time.

Brushing
It's more important than ever to brush regularly when you have braces, so the teeth and gums are healthy after orthodontic treatment. Patients who do not keep their teeth clean may require more frequent visits to the dentist for a professional cleaning. Adults who have a history of gum disease should also see a Periodontist during orthodontic treatment.
Please Note: If you do not adhere to our prescribed oral hygiene routine and keep your sugar intake to a minimum, you could permanently damage your teeth.

Emergency Care
True orthodontic emergencies are very rare, but when they do occur we are available to you. As a general rule, you should call the office if you experience severe pain or when you have a painful appliance problem that you can't take care of yourself. We'll be able to schedule an appointment to resolve the problem.

You might be surprised to learn that you may be able to temporarily solve many problems yourself until you schedule an appointment with our office. When working with your appliances, you need to know the names of the parts of your appliances so you are able to identify what part is broken or out of place. After alleviating your discomfort, it is very important that you still call our office as soon as possible to schedule a time to repair the problem. Allowing your appliance to remain damaged for an extended period of time may result in disruptions in your treatment plan.

Poking Wire
Using a pencil eraser, push the poking wire down or place wax on it to alleviate the discomfort.
Loose Bracket or Band
If your bracket or band is still attached to the wire, you should leave it in place and put wax on it. If the wire comes out entirely, wrap the bracket with a tissue.

Loose Wire

Using tweezers, try to place your wire back into place. If doing this and using wax does not help, as a last resort use a small fingernail clipper to clip the wire behind the last tooth to which it is securely fastened. If your discomfort continues, place wax on it.

Loose Appliance

If your appliance is poking you, place wax on the offending part of your appliance.